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Rapid7 Blog

Labs  

VPNFilter's Potential Reach — Malware Exposure in SMB/Consumer-grade Devices

(Many thanks to Rebekah Brown & Derek Abdine for their contributions to the post.) How does VPNFilter work? Over the past few weeks, Cisco’s Talos group has published some significant new research on a new malware family called VPNFilter. VPNFilter targets and compromises networking…

Drupalgeddon Vulnerability: What is it? Are You Impacted?

First up: many thanks to Brent Cook, William Vu and Matt Hand for their massive assistance in both the Rapid7 research into “Drupalgeddon” and their contributions to this post. Background on the Drupalgeddon vulnerability The Drupalgeddon 2 vulnerability announcement came out in late March (2018-03-28…

An Impressively Unprecedented Drop in Open memcached Services

(Many thanks to Jon Hart and Tom Sellers for their research and content for this blog post.) We started performing weekly monitoring of open/amplification-vulnerable memcached servers after the recent memcrashed amplification distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack and today we have some truly awesome news to…

Data Mining the Undiscovered Country

Using Internet-scale Research Data to Quantify and Reduce Exposure It’s been a busy 2017 at Rapid7 Labs. Internet calamity struck swift and often, keeping us all on our toes and giving us a chance to fully test out the capabilities of our internet-scale research…

National Exposure Index 2017

Today, Rapid7 is releasing the second National Exposure Index, our effort to quantify the exposure that nations are taking on by offering public services on the internet—not just the webservers (like the one hosting this blog), but also unencrypted POP3, IMAPv4, telnet, database servers,…

WannaCry Update: Vulnerable SMB Shares Are Widely Deployed And People Are Scanning For Them

WannaCry Overview Last week the WannaCry ransomware worm, also known as Wanna Decryptor, Wanna Decryptor 2.0, WNCRY, and WannaCrypt started spreading around the world, holding computers for ransom at hospitals, government offices, and businesses. To recap: WannaCry exploits a vulnerability in the Windows Server…

Project Sonar - Mo' Data, Mo' Research

Since its inception, Rapid7's Project Sonar has aimed to share the data and knowledge we've gained from our Internet scanning and collection activities with the larger information security community.  Over the years this has resulted in vulnerability disclosures, research papers, conference presentations, community collaboration…

Apache Struts Vulnerability (CVE-2017-5638) Exploit Traffic

UPDATE - March 10th, 2017: Rapid7 added a check that works in conjunction with Nexpose's web spider functionality. This check will be performed against any URIs discovered with the suffix “.action” (the default configuration for Apache Struts apps). To learn more about using…

12 Days of HaXmas: A HaxMas Carol

(A Story by Rapid7 Labs) Merry HaXmas to you! Each year we mark the 12 Days of HaXmas with 12 blog posts on hacking-related topics and roundups from the year. This year, we're highlighting some of the “gifts” we want to give back to the…

The Internet of Gas Station Tank Gauges -- Final Take?

In early 2015, HD Moore performed one of the first publicly accessible research related to Internet-connected gas station tank gauges, The Internet of Gas Station Tank Gauges. Later that same year, I did a follow-up study that probed a little deeper in The Internet of…

Project Sonar Study of LDAP on the Internet

The topic of today's post is a Rapid7 Project Sonar study of publicly accessible LDAP services on the Internet. This research effort was started in July of this year and various portions of it continue today.  In light of the Shadowserver Foundations's recent announcement regarding…

[Cloud Security Research] Cross-Cloud Adversary Analytics

Introducing Project Heisenberg CloudProject Heisenberg Cloud is a Rapid7 Labs research project with a singular purpose: understand what attackers, researchers and organizations are doing in, across and against cloud environments. This research is based on data collected from a new, Rapid7-developed honeypot framework called Heisenberg…

NCSAM: Understanding UDP Amplification Vulnerabilities Through Rapid7 Research

October is National Cyber Security Awareness month and Rapid7 is taking this time to celebrate security research. This year, NCSAM coincides with new legal protections for security research under the DMCA and the 30th anniversary of the CFAA - a problematic law that hinders beneficial…

Sonar NetBIOS Name Service Study

For the past several years, Rapid7's Project Sonar has been performing studies that explore the exposure of the NetBIOS name service on the public IPv4 Internet.  This post serves to describe the particulars behind the study and provide tools and data for future research in…

Bringing Home The EXTRABACON [Exploit]

by Derek Abdine & Bob Rudis (photo CC-BY-SA Kalle Gustafsson) Astute readers will no doubt remember the Shadow Brokers leak of the Equation Group exploit kits and hacking tools back in mid-August. More recently, security researchers at SilentSignal noted that it was possible to modify…